비교,비교급,원급,최상급

2006-08-02 アップロード · 1,613 視聴

c8 나도 영어된다 [공개] anygosi
cafe.daum.net/anygosi



A. 라틴계 비교급 : ~ or 로 끝나는 형용사들로, to 를 쓴다.

superior to / inferior to / senior to / junior to / anterior to / posterior to

He is superior to me in English.
He is two years senior to you.



B. 원급 비교

1. (a) as + 원급 + as ~ : 「 ~ 만큼 ... 한」(동등비교)

She is as wise as you (are).

(b) not so + 원급 + as ~ : 「 ~ 만큼 ... 하지 못한」(열등비교)

She is not so wise as you (are).

2. (a) as ~ as any + 명사 : 「어느 ... 못지 않게 ~ 한」(최상급의 의미)

He is as diligent as any boy in his class.
(= He is the most diligent in his class.)

(b) as ~ as ever + 동사 : 「지금껏 ... 못지 않게 ~ 한」(최상급의 의미)

He is as great a scholar as ever lived.
(= He is the greatest scholar that ever lived.)

3. 관용적 용법

(a) as ~ as possible : 「가능한 한 ~, 될 수 있는 대로 」

You must study as hard as possible.

(b) as ~ as + one can : (= as ~ as possible)


The old man walked as slowly as he could.

(c) as ~ as (~) can be : 「아주 ~ 한, 더할 나위 없이 ~ 한」

The weather is as fine as (fine) can be.



C. 비교급

1. (a) 비교급 + than ~ : 「 ~ 보다 더 ... 한」(우등비교)

He is taller than his brother.

(b) less + 비교급 + than ~ (= not so ... as ~) : 「 ~ 보다 못한」(열등비교)

He is less tall than his brother.

2. (a) 비교급 + than any other + 단수명사 : 「 다른 ~ 보다 더 ... 한」(최상급의 의미)

Your brother is stronger than any other boy in his class.
(= Your brother is the strongest boy in his class.)

※ any other ~ 대신 anyone, anything을 쓰면 반드시 뒤에 else 를 붙인다.

(b) No (other) + 명사 ... 비교급 + than ~ : 「가장 ~ 한」(최상급의 의미)

No (other) metal is more precious than gold.
(= Gold is the most precious of all metals.)

3. the + 비교급 ~ : 다음의 경우에는 비교급이더라도 the 를 붙인다.

(a) the + 비교급 + of the two 와 함께 쓰일 경우

He is the cleverer of the two boys.
Of the sun and the moon, which is the larger ?

(b) the + 비교급 + 이유 / 원인 / 양보 부사구(절) 과 함께 쓰일 경우

I like him (all) the better because he is kind to everyone.
He studied the harder because his master praised him.

(c) The + 비교급 ~ , the + 비교급 구문에서

The sooner you come, the better it is.

4. 비교급 + and + 비교급 : 「 점점 더 ~」

It is getting darker and darker.

5. 동일 인물(사물)의 두 가지 성질을 비교하는 구문에서는 「 more ~ than ...」을 쓴다.

He is more clever than wise.

6. 비교급 강조 부사 : much, even, still, (by) far (훨씬 ~ 더)

This is much bigger than that.



D. 주의해야 할 비교급 구문

1. no more than (= only) : 「단지」

He has no more than two friends.

2. no less than (= as much as) : 「 ~ 만큼」

He has no less than twenty friends.

3. A is no more B than C is D : 「 C가 D 아닌 것은 A 가 B 아닌 것과 같다.」

A whale is no more a fish than a horse is (a fish).
= A whale is not a fish any more than a horse is (a fish).
= A whale is not a fish just as a horse is not a fish.

4. (a) 긍정문 ~ , much more (= still more) : 「 더욱 더 잘 한다」

The baby can walk very well, much more run.

(b) 부정문 ~ , much less (= still less) : 「 더욱 더 못 한다」

He cannot speak English, much less French.

5. no better than (= as good as) : 「 ~ 와 다름 없는」

He is no better than a beggar.

6. know better than to ⓥ (= be not so foolish as to ⓥ) : 「 ~ 할 정도로 어리석지 않다」

He knows better than to do such a thing.

7. 비교의 비유표현 : 「 매우 ~ (형용사) 한」

as poor as a church mouse (몹시 가난한) / as blind as a bat (전혀 보이지 않는)
as dumb as an oyster (굳게 입을 다문) / as cunning as a fox (매우 교활한)
as busy as a bee (매우 부지런한) / as greedy as a wolf (매우 탐욕스러운)



E. 최상급

I. (a) the + 최상급 + of + all + 복수명사 : 「 ~ 중에서 가장 ... 한」

He is the cleverest of all the boys.

(b) the + 최상급 + in + 장소(범위) : 「 ~ 에서 가장 ... 한」

Tom is the most diligent boy in his class.

2. 「 the + 최상급 + 명사」가 even (양보)의 뜻일 경우

The fastest car cannot overtake the plane.

3. 「 the last + 명사 + to 부정사」: 「 결코 ... 할 ~ 이 아닌」

He is the last boy to be late for school.

4. 최상급과 정관사

(a) 한정적인 용법의 최상급에만 정관사를 붙인다.

She is the most beautiful (woman) in her neighborhood.

(b) 서술적인 용법이나, 단일 사물의 여러 가지 성질을 비교할 때는 정관사를 안 붙인다.

I am happiest when I am alone.

(c) 부사의 최상급에는 무관사이다.

Tom runs fastest in his class.

5. 최상급 관용표현

do one's best (최선을 다하다) / at most (많아야)
at least (적어도) / at one's best (전성기에)
at best (기껏해야) / see better day 한창 때가 지나다)



F. 원급 / 비교급 / 최상급 문장의 전환 (이하 문장들은 전부 비슷한 의미임.)

1. 원급

(a) as + 원급 + as + any + 명사

She is as pretty as any girl in Korea.


(b) No (other) + 단수명사 + so + 원급 + as

= No (other) girl in Korea is so pretty as she.

2. 비교급

(a) No (other) + 단수명사 + 비교급 + than

= No (other) girl in Korea is prettier than he.

(b) 비교급 + than + any other + 단수명사

= She is prettier than any other girl in Korea.

(c) 비교급 + than + all the other + 복수명사

= She is prettier than all the other girls in Korea.

3. 최상급

(a) the + 최상급 + 명사 + in + 장소(범위)

= She is the prettiest girl in Korea.

(b) the + 최상급 + of all (the) + 복수명사

= She is the prettiest girl of all (the) girls in Korea.

정리하면, 다음과 같다.

She is as pretty as any girl in Korea.
= No (other) girl in Korea is so pretty as she.
= No (other) girl in Korea is prettier than he.
= She is prettier than any other girl in Korea.
= She is prettier than all the other girls in Korea.
= She is the prettiest girl in Korea.
= She is the prettiest girl of all (the) girls in Korea.





tag·비교비교급원급최상급

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stely
2006.10.18 02:52共感(0)  |  お届け
퍼갈게요^^ ㄳ삭제
해피악녀
2006.08.31 09:17共感(0)  |  お届け
좋은 정보 감사삭제
injungsung
2006.08.15 10:08共感(0)  |  お届け
스크랩해갈께요..^^삭제

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